How to perform CPR on child or adult

perform cpr child adult

Performing CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) can be a crucial life-saving skill, especially in emergencies involving children or adults. Understanding the proper technique is essential for providing effective assistance until professional medical help arrives. In this blog, we will discuss the step-by-step process of performing CPR on both children and adults.

CPR Basics

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths aimed at maintaining blood circulation and oxygenation to vital organs when the heart and breathing have stopped. Follow these guidelines carefully:

For Adults

  • Assess the Situation:
    • Ensure the scene is safe for both you and the victim.
    • Check the person’s responsiveness by tapping and shouting.
    • If unresponsive, call emergency services immediately.
  • Open the Airway:
    • Tilt the head backward and lift the chin up to open the airway.
  • Check for Breathing:
    • Look, listen, and feel for normal breathing for about 5-10 seconds.
    • If not breathing, begin chest compressions.
  • Start Chest Compressions:
    • Place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest (lower half).
    • Use your body weight to compress at least 2 inches deep at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
    • Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
  • Give Rescue Breaths:
    • After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths.
    • Pinch the nose shut and make a complete seal over the person’s mouth.
    • Give breaths lasting about one second each.
  • Continue CPR:
    • Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until emergency help arrives or the person starts breathing.

For Children

Performing CPR on children follows a similar process but with some adjustments:

  • Check Responsiveness:
    • Gently tap and shout to check for responsiveness.
  • Call for Help:
    • If unresponsive, call emergency services.
  • Chest Compressions:
    • For children, use one or two hands depending on the child’s size.
    • Compress the chest about 2 inches deep.
  • Rescue Breaths:
    • Give two rescue breaths after 30 compressions.
  • Continue CPR:
    • Repeat the cycle until help arrives or the child starts breathing.

Key Tips

  • Depth and Rate:
    • Compressions should be deep and fast to circulate blood effectively.
  • Maintain Rhythm:
    • Maintain a steady rhythm during compressions and breaths.
  • Rotate Rescuers:
    • If there are multiple rescuers, switch positions every 2 minutes to avoid fatigue.
  • Use an AED if Available:
    • If an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is available, use it following its instructions.

Remember, CPR is a critical skill, and receiving proper training is highly recommended. Regular practice in CPR courses helps build confidence and ensures readiness in emergency situations. Knowing how to perform CPR can make a significant difference in saving lives when it matters most.

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